陈磊, 朱嘉婧, 李磐, 刘河山, 柯常军, 余锦, 罗子人. DBR单纵模光纤激光器波长温度调谐[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2023, 52(4): 20220570. DOI: 10.3788/IRLA20220570
引用本文: 陈磊, 朱嘉婧, 李磐, 刘河山, 柯常军, 余锦, 罗子人. DBR单纵模光纤激光器波长温度调谐[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2023, 52(4): 20220570. DOI: 10.3788/IRLA20220570
Chen Lei, Zhu Jiajing, Li Pan, Liu Heshan, Ke Changjun, Yu Jin, Luo Ziren. Wavelength tuning with temperature in single longitudinal mode DBR fiber laser[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering, 2023, 52(4): 20220570. DOI: 10.3788/IRLA20220570
Citation: Chen Lei, Zhu Jiajing, Li Pan, Liu Heshan, Ke Changjun, Yu Jin, Luo Ziren. Wavelength tuning with temperature in single longitudinal mode DBR fiber laser[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering, 2023, 52(4): 20220570. DOI: 10.3788/IRLA20220570

DBR单纵模光纤激光器波长温度调谐

Wavelength tuning with temperature in single longitudinal mode DBR fiber laser

  • 摘要: 报道了采用DBR方式,利用8 mm的高浓度掺Yb3+单模光纤,实现了波长为1064 nm的单纵模调谐激光稳定输出的实验结果。该DBR谐振腔有效腔长为16 mm,输出最大功率为7.4 mW,通过半导体制冷器温控改变谐振腔的温度,实现了0.824 nm的单纵模无跳模调谐。采用光纤外差法,并利用低损耗环形器和光纤反射镜倍增延迟线长度提升测量精度的方式,测量得到激光最大线宽为4.4 kHz。单纵模激光的弛豫震荡峰位于900 kHz处,其相对强度噪声为−110 dB/Hz,当频率大于1.5 MHz时相对强度噪声为−145 dB/Hz。

     

    Abstract:
      Objective   Distributed Bragg reflection (DBR) single longitudinal mode fiber lasers have been widely studied and applied due to their simple resonant cavity structure and good stability. However, the narrow tuning range of current DBR lasers limit their applications in many important fields such as spectral synthesis, laser frequency locking, and coherent detection, etc. Therefore, how to improve its tuning range is of greater research value. And improving the mode-free hopping tuning range of DBR fiber lasers has become the research objective in this study.
      Methods   First of all, according to the principle that the center wavelength of fiber grating drifts is caused by resonant cavity temperature change, the equivalent length theory of the fiber grating, the longitudinal mode spacing theory, and the relationship between the gain spectrum of the doped fiber and the intracavity mode competition, the mechanism of DBR single longitudinal mode fiber laser to achieve single longitudinal mode output and the variation of the longitudinal mode in the resonant cavity during the temperature tuning process are theoretically analyzed. Secondly, DBR single longitudinal mode fiber lasers were built based on the theoretical analysis, and two DBR lasers with different equivalent cavity lengths were constructed by using two different lengths of doped fibers. A temperature controller built with a Thermoelectric Cooler (TEC) and a brass sheet was used to control the temperature of the resonant cavity, and the variation of the center wavelength of the output laser and the longitudinal mode of the output laser during the change of the resonant cavity temperature from 0 ℃ to 100 ℃ were tested.
      Results and Discussions  As a result, the conditions that the cavity length of the resonant cavity of DBR single longitudinal mode fiber laser needs to meet in order to realize the temperature tuning without hopping mode are deduced. Besides, different single and multiple longitudinal mode output results during temperature tuning of lasers with different equivalent cavity lengths verify the correctness of the analytical result of cavity length constraint condition for DBR single longitudinal mode laser (Fig.3, Tab.1). And then, 8 mm high-concentration Yb3+ doped single mode fiber is used to achieve a stable single-longitudinal-mode laser at the wavelength of 1064 nm with the distributed Bragg reflection method. The effective cavity length of the DBR resonator is 16 mm and the maximum laser output power is 7.4 mW. The single longitudinal mode tuning of 0.824 nm without mode hopping is achieved by varying the resonant cavity temperature (Fig.4). With the low loss circulator and the fiber mirror to multiply delay fiber length of the heterodyne method to improve measurement accuracy (Fig.7), the measured maximum linewidth of the laser is 4.4 kHz. The relative intensity noise of the laser was tested using a photodetector. The relaxation oscillation peak of the output laser is located at 900 kHz with a relative intensity noise of −110 dB/Hz. The relative intensity noise is −145 dB/Hz when the frequency is greater than 1.5 MHz.
      Conclusions  In summary, through theoretical and experimental studies, a 1064 nm, mode-hopping-free tuning range of 0.8 nm distributed Bragg reflective single longitudinal mode fiber laser was proposed, and a series of its key parameters were tested, which has certain application value.

     

/

返回文章
返回